6.5.2 Examples

The following examples show common uses for each tool and demonstrate ways they can be combined.

# Show a dictionary sorted and grouped by value >>> from operator import itemgetter >>> d = dict(a=1, b=2, c=1, d=2, e=1, f=2, g=3) >>> di = sorted(d.iteritems(), key=itemgetter(1)) >>> for k, g in groupby(di, key=itemgetter(1)): ... print k, map(itemgetter(0), g) ... 1 ['a', 'c', 'e'] 2 ['b', 'd', 'f'] 3 ['g'] # Find runs of consecutive numbers using groupby. The key to the solution # is differencing with a range so that consecutive numbers all appear in # same group. >>> data = [ 1, 4,5,6, 10, 15,16,17,18, 22, 25,26,27,28] >>> for k, g in groupby(enumerate(data), lambda (i,x):i-x): ... print map(operator.itemgetter(1), g) ... [1] [4, 5, 6] [10] [15, 16, 17, 18] [22] [25, 26, 27, 28]

See